Threatening the role of Kyoto Imperial Palace Park as the single best park across Kyoto, Kyoto Botanical Garden is considered as a hidden treasure of the city, over time becoming one of the greatest botanical gardens in all over Japan. Not many people know that Kyoto Botanical Garden is the oldest one in Japan. With age comes wisdom, the garden also takes the reputation as the most comprehensive public botanical garden in the country. Placed in the middle of natural round with Kyoto Imperial Palace in the south, Kitayama mountain range sitting on the north back and Kamogawa river running along the west, Kyoto Botanical Garden blooms beautifully as a flower over the holy Kyoto.
Initially, Kyoto Botanical Garden were intended to be a part of an exhibition commemorating the coronation of Emperor Taisho in 1913. However, the governor of Kyoto Prefecture at the time was forced to stop the construction halfway through. He tried to call donation to save it and finally receiving one from a member of the aristocratic Mitsui family, leading to the shift of the construction from an exhibition space to a botanical garden. The plan started in 1917 and completed to be opened to the public in 1924. A huge greenhouse was added in April 1992, fulfilling the excellent landscape of the city.
Kyoto Botanical Garden has an impressive area covering approximately 240000 square meters by a huge collection of about 12000 varieties of plants, flowers, shrubs and trees, arranged into different zones of Bonsai Exhibit, Camellia Garden, Bamboo Garden, Cherry Trees grove, European Style Garden, Flower Bed, Hydrangea Garden, Peony Garden, Japanese Iris Garden, Japanese Native Plants, Lotus Pond, Nakaragi-no-mori Pond, Perennial, Sunken Garden, Uma Grove and Useful Plants Garden. The carpet of flowers including cherry blossoms, camellias, irises, roses and hydrangeas at the garden has changed but blooming colorful during a year. Cherry blossom here reaches the total number of about 500 trees and even lasting a little longer than other spots so that they welcome those who unluckily miss the main blossom season. Luxuriant groves of maple and gingko falling into dazzling red and yellow in autumn is also an amazing scene that you have to regret to miss.
The greenhouse is an outstanding attraction of Kyoto Botanical Garden with an imposing scale of more than 4000 square meters in area, reaching the height of 15 meters. More than 4500 species of of tropical, highland, lowland and Alpine plants are divided into different rooms of Ananas, Aquatic and Carnivorous Plants, Bromeliads, Desert and Savanna Plants, Forest Succulent Plants, Jungle, Orchids, Potted Plants, Tropical Alpine Plants and Tropical Produce. Throughout a year, events and exhibitions of various forms and subjects are held at Kyoto Botanical Garden such as chrysanthemums in autumn, moss displays or hanging basket competitions. The garden also excellently complete its mission as a place of recreation and relaxation for Kyoto people, raising the awareness as well as th love to flora and environment in general.